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Green Building Label

Green Building Label

  The green building of Taiwan is developed based on Taiwan’s subtropical climate characteristics with high temperature and high humidity that can sufficiently meet the need in ecology, energy saving, waste reduction, and health. The EEWH green building labeling system was established in September 1999 as the second certification system in the world right after the US LEED. The original system comprised of seven evaluation indicators: greenery (vegetation planting), water infiltration and retention, daily energy conservation, water conservation, CO2 emission reduction, construction waste reduction, and sewage and waste disposal facility improvement. In 2003, two indicators were introduced in the system, including biodiversity and indoor environment quality. The current nine-indicator green building evaluation was thus finalized, known as the EEWH system (listed in Table 1). Furthermore, a scoring and rating system was launched in 2007 for enhancing green building design quality and motivating builders/owners to pursue better performance and innovative techniques. The rating system defines five classes of green building design, including Certified, Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Diamond. Following the international development trend of green building certification, it has also proven to be an effective strategy to encourage better green building design in Taiwan. Meanwhile, the green building of Taiwan can be redefined as a building with Ecology, Energy Saving, Waste Reduction, as well as Health.

Table 1 EEWH Green Building Evaluation System of Taiwan
Category Contents
Indicator Evaluation Items
Ecology 1.Biodiversity Ecological network, biological habitat, plant diversity, soil ecosystem
2.Greenery CO₂absorption (kg-CO₂/(m2.40yr))
3.Water content of the site Water infiltration and retention, stormwater runoff management
Energy Saving 4.Daily Energy Conservation(prerequisite) Building envelope design ENVLOAD (20% higher than building regulation), and other techniques (including HVAC system, lighting, management system)
Waste Reduction 5.CO₂Emission Reduction CO₂emission of building materials(kg-CO₂/m2
6.Construction Waste Reduction Waste of soil, construction, destruction, utilization of recycled materials
Health 7.Indoor Environment Acoustics, illumination, and ventilation, interior finishing building materials
8.Water Conservation (prerequisite) Water usage (L/person), hygienic instrument with water saving, grey water reuse
9.Sewage and waste disposal facility improvement Sewer plumbing, sanitary condition for garbage gathering, compost

  The green building certification consists of two parts: “Green Building Label” for completed buildings, and “Green Building Candidate Certificate” for building projects according to their planning and design documentations. The candidate certificate is aimed at providing an opportunity to preview the possible inadequate design in advance so that the high-cost improvement after completion may be effectively eliminated. Such a certification system is a unique design in the world and has become an important policy instrument of green building promotion in Taiwan. The minimum requirement for green building certification is to pass four indicators, including two prerequisites (daily energy conservation and water conservation) and two optional indicators from among the other seven. A green building is estimated in an average life span of 40 years to save 20% in electricity and 30% in water, to reduce resource consumption, as well as to provide a better living environment with health and amenity. The label is valid for three years and renewable. By the end of December 2013, a total of 4,300 buildings or projects were certified as green buildings. These certified buildings or projects are estimated to enormously reduce post-occupancy electricity and water consumption, which may also alleviate demand on building new power plants. The total accumulated electricity saving reached 1.213 billion KWH, which was equivalent to 691 million CO2-kg/year or an artificial forest of 46.4 thousand hectares (approximately 1,785 times the size of Taipei Da-an Forest Park). The water saving reached 55.49 million tons per year, which amount was equivalent to 22,196 Olympic-size swimming pools.

  The green building certification process currently consists of two administrative stages: technical review and label conferral. Effective January 1, 2010, the technical review is undertaken by designated professional organizations. An applicant may apply to the Ministry of the Interior for green building certification with the application form and the evaluation report prepared by the designated professional organization (currently Taiwan Architecture and Building Center). The certification and relevant procedures shall comply with the “Operational Directions for Applying for Green Building Evaluation and Certification.”

In addition, for further extending the scope of the EEWH system originally applied into all building types, the ABRI started to review and refine evaluation contents to establish a suitable system family capable of coping with various building types. The five individual systems and their corresponding evaluation manual revisions, including Basic (EEWH-BC) for general green building practices, Residential Building (EEWH-RS), Factory (EEWH-GF), Renovation (EEWH-RN) for existing buildings, and Community (EEWH-EC), were all completed in 2012. The revised “Operational Directions for Applying for Green Building Evaluation and Certification” in accordance with the implementation of individual labeling systems were also announced on March 1, 2012. In the same year, Taiwan Architecture and Building Center was renewed as the designated professional organization on April 26. Thus, Taiwan has entered an epoch of classified green building evaluation for multiple building types since the EEWH evaluation system family was officially launched on May 1, 2012.

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